Brett Gardner, Professional Research Staff

Curriculum Vitae

Brett Gardner, Ph.D.

Institute of Law, Psychiatry, and Public Policy

1230 Cedars Court, Suite 108

Charlottesville, VA

bgardner@virginia.edu

           

CURRENT POSITIONS                                                                                                       

Research Associate in Law and Forensic Psychology

University of Virginia School of Law,

Institute of Law, Psychiatry, & Public Policy, Charlottesville, VA

June 2018 – Present

Adjunct Faculty

James Madison University

Department of Psychology, Harrisonburg, VA

August 2017 – Present

PRIOR POSITIONS

Postdoctoral Fellow in Forensic Psychology

University of Virginia School of Medicine,

Institute of Law, Psychiatry, & Public Policy, Charlottesville, VA

September 2016 – June 2018

Research Staff

University of Virginia

Center for Statistics and Applications of Forensic Evidence

September 2017 – June 2018

LICENSURE                                                                                                                         

Licensed Clinical Psychologist, Virginia

April 2017 – Present

EDUCATION                                                                                                                        

Doctor of Philosophy, Clinical Psychology

Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX

2016

Pre-Doctoral Psychology Internship

University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC

2015 – 2016

Master of Arts, Clinical Psychology

Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX

2012

Bachelor of Arts, Psychology

Willamette University, Salem, OR

Overseas Study: University of Western Australia

2008

PEER-REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS

Gardner, B. O., Kelley, S., Murrie, D. C., & Dror, I. E. (In Press). What do forensic analysts consider relevant to their decision making? Science & Justice.

Gardner, B. O., Kelley, S., Murrie, D. C., & Blaisdell, K. N. (2019). Do evidence submission forms expose latent print examiners to task-irrelevant information? Forensic Science International, 297, 236-242. doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.01.048

Kois, L., Blakey, S. M., Gardner, B. O., …Elbogen, E. B. (2018). Neuropsychological correlates and maladaptive behavior among veterans with traumatic brain injury and posttraumatic stress disorder. Brain Injury, 32, 1484-1491. doi:10.1080/02699052.2018.1497205

Gardner, B. O., Boccaccini, M. T., & Murrie, D. C. (2018). Which PCL-R scores best predict forensic clinicians’ opinions of offender risk? Criminal Justice and Behavior, 45, 1404-1419. doi:10.1177/0093854818789974

Gardner, B. O., Murrie, D. C., & Torres, A. (2018). Insanity findings and evaluation practices: A state-wide review of court-ordered reports. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 36, 303-316, doi:10.1002/bsl.2344

Gardner, B. O., & Boccaccini, M. T. (2017). Does the convergent validity of the PAI Antisocial Features scale depend on offender response style? Journal of Personality Assessment, 99(5), 481-493. doi:10.1080/00223891.2017.1296846

Cramer, R. J., Wevodau, A. L., Gardner, B. O., & Bryson, C. N. (2017). A validation study of the Need for Affect Questionnaire-Short Form in legal contexts. Journal of Personality Assessment, 99(1), 67-77, doi:10.1080/00223891.2016.1205076.

Cramer, R. J., Bryson, C. N., Gardner, B. O., & Webber, W. B. (2016). Can preferences in information processing aid in understanding suicide risk among emerging adults? Death Studies, 40, 383-391. doi:10.1080/07481187.2016.1166161

Johnson, S. M., Cramer, R. J., Gardner, B. O., & Nobles, M. R. (2015). What patient and psychologist characteristics are important in competency for physician assisted suicide evaluations? Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 21, 420-431. doi:10.1037/law0000058

Gardner, B. O., Boccaccini, M. T., Bitting, B. S., & Edens, J. F. (2015). Personality Assessment Inventory scores as predictors of misconduct, recidivism, and violence: A meta-analytic review. Psychological Assessment, 27, 534-544. doi:10.1037/pas0000065

Boccaccini, M. T., Murrie, D., Rufino, K., & Gardner, B. O. (2014). Evaluator differences in Psychopathy Checklist-Revised factor and facet scores. Law and Human Behavior, 38, 337-345. doi:10.1037/lhb0000069

Cramer, R. J., Titcomb, C., Gardner, B. O.Stroud, C. H., Boccaccini, M. T., & Griffin, M. P. (2014). An exploratory study of meta-factors of expert witness persuasion. Journal of Individual Differences, 35, 1-11. doi:10.1027/1614-0001/a000123

Johnson, S., Cramer, R. J., Conroy, M. A., & Gardner, B. O. (2014). The role of and challenges for psychologists in physician assisted suicide. Death Studies, 38, 582-588. doi:1080/07481187.2013.820228

Gardner, B. O., Titcomb, C., Cramer, R. J., Stroud, C. H., & Bate, B. (2013). Perceived personality
similarity and perceptions of expert testimony. Journal of Individual Differences, 34, 185-192. doi:10.1027/1614-0001/a000113

Manuscripts Under Review

Gardner, B. O., Kelley, S., & Pan, K. Latent print proficiency testing: An examination of test respondents, test-taking procedures, and test characteristics. Manuscript under review.

Murrie, D. C., Gardner, B. O., Kelley, S., & Dror, I. E. Perceptions and estimates of error rates in forensic science: A survey of forensic analysts. Revised manuscript under review.

Kelley, S., Gardner, B. O., Murrie, D. C., Pan, K. D. H., & Kafadar, K. How do latent print examiners perceive proficiency testing? An analysis of examiner perceptions, performance, and print quality. Manuscript under review.

Murrie, D. C., Torres, A. N., & Gardner, B. O. Competency to stand trial evaluation practices: A state-wide review of court-ordered reports. Manuscript under review.

Manuscripts in Progress

Gardner, B. O., & Murrie, D. C. The role of misdemeanants in forensic mental health assessment: Evaluations of legal sanity. Manuscript in preparation.

Murrie, D. C., & Gardner, B. O. The role of misdemeanants in forensic mental health assessment: Evaluations of competency to stand trial. Manuscript in preparation.

Murrie, D. C., Gardner, B. O., Wellbeloved-Stone, J., & Blaisdell, K. Attorney perceptions of forensic evaluation reports: Input from the defense and prosecution. Manuscript in preparation.

Murrie, D. C., Kelley, S., & Gardner, B. O. Judges’ perceptions of the credibility of forensic science evidence. Manuscript in preparation.

CONFERENCE PRESENTATIONS

National Paper Presentations

Murrie, D. C., Gardner, B. O., Kelley, S., Blaisdell, K. N., & Dror, I. E. (March, 2019). What do forensic science analysts know and believe about error rates in their disciplines? Symposium presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, Portland, Oregon.

Gardner, B. O., Kelley, S., Murrie, D. C., Blaisdell, K. N., & Dror, I. E. (March, 2019). What do forensic analysts consider relevant to their decision making? Symposium presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, Portland, Oregon.

Murrie, D. C., Gardner, B. O., Kelley, S., & Blaisdell, K. N. (February, 2019). Perceptions and estimates of error rates in forensic science: A survey of forensic analysts. Paper presented at the annual scientific meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Baltimore, Maryland.

Kelley, S., Murrie, D. C., Gardner, B. O., Pan, K., Kafadar, K., & Blaisdell, K. N. (February, 2019). How do latent print examiners perceive proficiency testing? An analysis of examiner perceptions, performance, and print quality. Paper presented at the annual scientific meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Baltimore, Maryland.

Gardner, B. O., Murrie, D. C., Torres, A. N., & Agee, E. (March, 2018). Competency to stand trial evaluation practices: A state-wide review of court-ordered reports. Symposium presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, Memphis, Tennessee.

Murrie, D. C., Gardner, B. O., Torres, A. N., & Agee, E. (March, 2018). Insanity findings and evaluation practices: A state-wide review of court-ordered reports. Symposium presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, Memphis, Tennessee.

Guarnera, L. A., Kelley, S. M., Blaisdell, K. N., Gardner, B. O., & Murrie, D. C. (March, 2018). Evidence of cognitive bias in a forensic audit of microscopic hair comparison cases. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, Memphis, Tennessee.

Gardner, B. O., Kelley, S., Murrie, D. C., & Blaisdell, K. (February, 2018). Do evidence submission forms expose latent print analysts to task-irrelevant information? Paper presented at the annual scientific meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Seattle, Washington.

Gardner, B. O., Kelley, S., Murrie, D. C., & Blaisdell, K. (July, 2017). Task-irrelevant and potentially biasing information requested by evidence submission forms. Paper presented at the International Forensic Science Error Management Symposium of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland.

Elbogen, E. B., Cueva, M., Gardner, B. O., & McNally, M. (March, 2016). Cognitive and affective factors in aggressive behavior among military veterans with PTSD and TBI. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, Atlanta, Georgia.

Gardner, B. O., Miller, R. S., & Ridge, B. (March, 2015). Cognitive capacity and its effect on lie detection ability. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, San Diego, California.

Cramer, R. J., Gardner, B. O., Bryson, C. N., Stroud, C. H., & Wevodau, A. L. (March, 2015). A validation study of the Need for Affect Scale-Short Form in legal contexts. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, San Diego, California.

McLaughlin, J., Kan, L., Gardner, B. O., Manning, J., Bate, B., & Varela, J. (March, 2014). A study space reviewing research on multicultural concerns in malingering assessment. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Bitting, B., Boccaccini, M. T., Formon, D., Gardner, B. O., & Vera, L. (March, 2014). Validity of the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) coefficients of fit among offenders. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Gardner, B. O., Boccaccini, M. T., Bitting, B., & Edens, J. F. (March, 2013). A meta-analytic review of the PAI’s ability to predict misconduct. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, Portland, Oregon.

Gardner, B. O., Cramer, R. J., Titcomb, C., Stroud, C. H., & Bates, B. (March, 2013). Examining the effects of perceived personality match on perceptions of expert testimony. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, Portland, Oregon.

National Poster Presentations

Gardner, B. O., Kelley, S., Murrie, D. C., & Blaisdell, K. N. (February, 2019). Perceptions of task-relevance in forensic science: A survey of forensic analysts. Poster presented at the annual scientific meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Baltimore, Maryland.

Murrie, D. C., Gardner, B. O., Blaisdell, K. N., & Kelley, S. (August, 2018). What information is “task relevant” versus irrelevant for forensic scientists? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the International Association for Identification, San Antonio, Texas.

Murrie, D. C., Kelley, S., Gardner, B. O., & Blaisdell, K. N. (August, 2018). Are popular latent print proficiency tests easier than real casework? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the International Association for Identification, San Antonio, Texas.

Blaisdell, K., Gardner, B. O., Murrie, D. C., & Kelley, S. (March, 2018). Violence risk assessment and gender: A survey of mental health professionals. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, Memphis, Tennessee.

Gardner, B. O., Murrie, D. C., & Wellbeloved-Stone, J. (March, 2017). Attorney perceptions of forensic evaluation reports: Input from the Defense and the Prosecution. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, Seattle, Washington.

Gardner, B. O., Boccaccini, M. T., & Murrie, D. C. (March, 2016). Forensic evaluators’ perceptions of interpersonal-affective psychopathic traits predict risk judgments. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, Atlanta, Georgia.

McLaughlin, J., Bate, B., Gardner, B. O., Jeon, H., Kan, L. Y., & Varela, J. (March, 2015). Multicultural concerns in the assessment of response style in studies including women: A study space analysis. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, San Diego, California.

Gardner, B. O., Vera, L., Ridge, B., Bitting, B. S., & Miller, R. S. (February, 2015). Place and personality: Need for cognition scores vary across settings. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Long Beach, California.

Gardner, B. O., Vera, L., Bitting, B., Ridge, B., & Miller, R. S. (August, 2014). The influence of context on personality reports. Poster presented at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C.

Gardner, B. O., & Boccaccini, M. T. (March, 2014). Does the validity of PAI Antisocial Features scale scores depend on offender response style? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Johnson, S., Cramer, R. J., Gardner, B. O., & Gonzalez, E. (March, 2014). What patient and psychologist characteristics are important in competency for physician assisted suicide evaluations. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Johnson, S., Cramer, R. J., Conroy, M. A. & Gardner, B. O. (March, 2013). Forensic psychologists and physician assisted suicide: Ethics, practice, and future research. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, Portland, Oregon.

Miller, A. K., Duncan, J. M., Taslitz, A. E., Gardner, B. O., Pennington, C. R., Kline, S. A., … Laxton, K. L. (March, 2013). A personality-and-attitude-change model of jury NGRI verdicts: The pivotal role of perspective taking. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, Portland, Oregon.

Miller, A. K., Gardner, B. O., Duncan, J. M., Kline, S. A., Vera, L. M. (March, 2013). Gender discrimination in the courtroom: An explanatory model of foreperson selection. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, Portland, Oregon.

Miller, A. K., Gemberling, T. M., Gardner, B. O., Burks, A. C., Rodriguez, D., & Laxton, K. L. (March, 2013). Clarifying the personality roots of jury-biasing social cognitions: On right-wing authoritarianism. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, Portland, Oregon.

Gardner, B. O., Boccaccini, M. T., Rufino, K., & Murrie, D. C. (March, 2012). Using offenders’ PAI scores to understand evaluators’ PCL-R scoring tendencies. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Miller, A. K., Amacker, A. M., Duncan, J. M., Stein, M. L., Gardner, B. O., Bitting, B. S., Cramer, R. J. (January, 2012). Insanity in the eye of the beholder: A personality-and-attitudes model of laypersons' evaluations of legal insanity. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, San Diego, California.

Miller, A. K., Duncan, J. M., Bitting, B., Amacker, A. M., Canales, E. J., Duran, I. Y., … Gardner, B. O., (March, 2011). Personality and perceived "mental defect" relevance to the insanity defense. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, Miami, Florida.

CLINICAL EXPERIENCE

06/2018 – Present

Institute of Law, Psychiatry, & Public Policy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA

  • Conduct forensic evaluations for a wide range of legal issues, including competency to stand trial, legal sanity, and risk assessment.

09/2016 – 06/2018

Institute of Law, Psychiatry, & Public Policy, University of Virginia/ Western State Hospital, Charlottesville & Staunton, VA

Title:

Postdoctoral Fellow in Forensic Psychology

  • Conducted forensic evaluations for a wide range of legal issues, including competency to stand trial, legal sanity, risk assessment, capital sentencing, and pre-sentencing evaluations.

08/2015 – 08/2016

University of North Carolina School of Medicine/Federal Correctional Complex - Butner, Chapel Hill & Butner, NC

Title:

Clinical Psychology Intern (Clinical Forensic Track)

  • Provided therapeutic and diagnostic services in diverse settings such as university clinics, state psychiatric hospitals, and federal prisons.
  • Completed numerous types of forensic evaluations (e.g., competency to stand trial, legal sanity, violence risk assessment, child abuse allegations).

08/2014 – 07/2015

Mental Health and Mental Retardation Authority of Harris County, Houston, TX

Title:

Practicum Intern Clinician

  • Diagnostician for underserved community outpatient population.

08/2013 – 07/2014

Harris County Juvenile Probation Department, Houston, TX

Title:

Practicum Intern Clinician

  • Conducted brief and comprehensive psychological evaluations.

11/2012 – 07/2015

Psychological Services Center, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX

Title:

Student Forensic Evaluator

  • Conducted court-ordered forensic evaluations (e.g., legal sanity).

08/2012 – 08/2013

Walker County Adult Probation Department, Huntsville, TX

Title:

Practicum Intern Clinician

  • Provided individual/group therapy and conducted psychological assessments.

08/2011 – 08/2012

Psychological Services Center, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX

Title:

Practicum Intern Clinician

  • Provided therapy and conducted psychological assessments.

TEACHING EXPERIENCE

Adjunct Faculty

08/2017 - Present

Psychological Tests and Measurement (Undergraduate)

Advanced Psychological Statistics (Undergraduate)

James Madison University

Instructor of Record

08/2013 – 05/2014

Introduction to Psychology (Undergraduate), Sam Houston State University

Teaching Assistant & Guest Lecturer

04/2017

Psychological Tests and Measurement, James Madison University

Title:

Guest Lecturer (Undergraduate)

Topics covered:

  • Personality assessment

08/2014 – 05/2015 

Assessment of Intelligence and Achievement, Sam Houston State University

Title:

Teaching Assistant (Graduate)

09/2014

Interdisciplinary Perspectives of Violence, Sam Houston State University

Title:

Guest Lecturer (Undergraduate)

Topics covered:

  • Personality theory and violence

02/2014

Theories of Personality, Sam Houston State University

Title:

Guest Lecturer (Undergraduate)

Topics covered:

  • Five-Factor, HEXACO, and Dark Triad models of personality

04/2013

Introduction to Psychology, Sam Houston State University

Title:

Guest Lecturer (Undergraduate)

Topics covered:

  • Emerging trends in trait theories of personality

08/2011 – 5/2012

Experimental Methods, Sam Houston State University

Title:

Teaching Assistant (Undergraduate)

Invited Lectures

03/2019

Cognitive Bias and Forensic Mental Health Evaluations, Duke School of Law

Description:

  • Presentation detailing evidence regarding the reliability of forensic mental health evaluations and cognitive biases involved in such evaluations

09/2017 & 11/2018

Empirically Supported Risk Assessment Instruments, Institute of Law, Psychiatry, & Public Policy

Description:

  • Guest seminar reviewing risk assessment instruments as part of full-day training on “Assessing Risk for Violence in Clinical Practice”

09/2017

Psychopathy and Evidence-Based Violence Risk Assessment, Western State Hospital

Description:

  • Lecture provided for continuing medical education training of hospital staff

Clinical Supervision

09/2012 – 05/2015

Psychological Services Center, Sam Houston State University

Title:

Peer Clinical Supervisor (Graduate)

EDITIORIAL AND PEER REVIEW EXPERIENCE

02/2019 – Present

Editorial Board

Criminal Justice and Behavior

02/2014 – 04/2015

Editorial Assistant

Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research

Special Issue: Contemporary Perspectives on Suicide and Self-Injury

11/2013 – Present 

Ad Hoc Reviewer

Death Studies

Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research

Journal of Individual Differences

Psychiatry Research

Psychology of Violence

American Psychological Association Annual Convention

American Psychology-Law Society Conference

HONORS AND AWARDS

2018

Adjunct Faculty Professional Development Award (total $1600) – James Madison University

2018

Best Poster Award (total $100) – Center for Statistics and Applications of Forensic Evidence

2018

Psychology Fellowship Scholarship Award – University of Virginia

2018

New Horizons Travel Grant (total $1000) – University of Virginia

2017

Postdoctoral Fellow Registration Scholarship (total $100) – Society for the Improvement of Psychological Science

2015

Graduate Capstone Project Award – Sam Houston State University

2013

Student Travel Award (total $500) – American Psychology-Law Society

2012

Great Lakes National Scholarship Award (total $2500)

2010 – 2015

Graduate Student Research & Travel Grant (total $5000) – Sam Houston State University

2006 – 2008

Lightfoot Foundation Scholarship

2004 – 2008

Alumni Honors Scholarship – Willamette University

SELECTED TRAINING ACTIVITIES

05/2018

Integrating Structured Risk Assessment into Clinical Practice: Moving from Violence Risk Assessment to Risk Management, Eight-hour Workshop, Institute of Law, Psychiatry, & Public Policy

03/2018

Mental Health Evaluations for Capital Sentencing Proceedings, Two-day Workshop, Institute of Law, Psychiatry, & Public Policy

04/2017

Assessing Individuals Charged with Sexual Crimes, Eight-hour Workshop, Institute of Law, Psychiatry, & Public Policy

11/2016

Assessing Risk for Violence in Clinical Practice, Eight-hour Workshop, Institute of Law, Psychiatry, & Public Policy,

10/2016

STATIC-99R Training: How to Code, Interpret, and Report Scores Using the New (2016) Manual and Procedures, Eight-hour Workshop, University of Virginia

09/2014

Forensic Report Writing, American Academy of Forensic Psychology: Contemporary Issues in Forensic Psychology Seven-hour Workshop

09/2014

Effective and Ethical Expert Testimony, American Academy of Forensic Psychology: Contemporary Issues in Forensic Psychology Seven-hour Workshop

05/2014 – 07/2014

Latent Variable Modeling, 10-Week Course, Sam Houston State University

PROFESSIONAL SERVICE

2019 – Present

Active member of Virginia’s Forensic Evaluation Review Panel

2010 – 2015

Sam Houston State University Psychology Graduate Student Association

2011 – 2012

Director of Resources, Texas Psychological Association – Student Division

PROFESSIONAL AFFILIATIONS

American Psychological Association, Division 41, American Psychology-Law Society

Association for Psychological Science

Society for the Improvement of Psychological Science