Janet I. Warren, Professor, Department of Psychiatry & Neurobehavioral Sciences

Janet I.  Warren, Professor, Department of Psychiatry & Neurobehavioral Sciences
Photo: Tom Cogill

Janet I. Warren, DSW

Janet I. Warren, DSW, is a Professor of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences (PNBS) at the University of Virginia. In this capacity, she serves as teaching and research faculty at the Institute of Law, Psychiatry and Public Policy, a multi-disciplinary policy center organized under the auspices of the School of Law and the School of Medicine at the University of Virginia.

In her position at the Institute of Law, Psychiatry and Public Policy, Professor Warren provides training to psychiatrists, psychologists and social workers on conducting forensic evaluations for the courts and specializes in evaluations that focus on assessing the risk for violent behavior, the examination of individuals charged with sexual crimes, and the adjudicative competency of youth in juvenile court. She is the University of Virginia liaison to the FBI Behavioral Sciences (BSU) Unit and has worked with the BSU in developing paradigms relevant to the criminal investigative analyses of sexual offenders including distinctions between impulsive versus ritualistic sex offenders, and the elements of modus operandi, ritual, and signature displayed in an offender’s crime scene behavior. She has also collaborated with the FBI National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime in conducting research on the crime scene analysis of serial rape, sexually sadistic murder, and the criminal histories of individuals convicted of sexual crimes against children.

Professor Warren served on Virginia state crime commissions that examined policy pertaining to the satanic sexual abuse of children (1991), the registration of sex offenders (1993), and the commitment of sexually violent predators (1994).  In 1998, she sat on the taskforce convened by the Virginia Commission on Youth that crafted the juvenile competency legislation enacted in the Commonwealth of Virginia in 1999. 

Professor Warren has published in peer reviewed journals on topics including forensic evaluation and opinion formation concerning competency and insanity for the courts, serial rape, child abduction and murder, crime scene analysis of sexually sadistic crimes, consensual and coerced sex in prisons, risk factors for violence, personality disorders and the relationship to violent behavior, psychopathy in both men and women, the prison adjustment of  female inmates, the collecting or recording behavior of sexually sadistic offenders, the use of third party information in conducting evaluations for the courts, and juvenile adjudicative competency and restoration outcomes. Many of these publications have derived from research funding that she has been awarded by the National Institute of Justice, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, the Virginia Department of Criminal Justice Services, the Boy Scouts of America, and the Virginia Department of Corrections.

In 2007, Dr. Warren began the development of a juvenile attainment model program with the Virginia Department of Behavioral Health and Disability Services with funding provided to UVA by the Virginia Department of Criminal Justice.  In 2012, the program was licensed to the University of Virginia and is currently seeking to attain status as an evidence-based juvenile justice program. The manual-based training, interactive learning tools, and case management software can be previewed at www.juvenilecompetency.virginia.edu. Research on the outcomes of the program is posted on the website along with a reference bibliography of legal, research, policy, and clinical articles pertaining to adjudicative competency in juvenile court and the remediation and diversion of youth determined to be incompetent to stand trial.   

In 2013, Professor Warren published a book, Risk Markers for Sexual Violence and Victimization in Prison, with co-author, Shelly Jackson, PhD. In the book, Drs. Warren and Jackson examined the various types of consensual, bartered and coerced sex that is occurring in both male and female prisons and the interactions between these various forms of sexual activity and other types of institutional violence. It also examines the relationship of personality disorders, psychopathy and the HCR: 20 in predicting the more coerced forms of sexual behavior. This research was funded by the National Institute of Justice in response to the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) passed by the federal government in 2003. 

In 2010, Professor Warren, began a review of 920 Boy Scouts Ineligible Volunteer (IV) “P” files which chronicled instances of sexual abuse of youth by Scouting-involved youth dated 1965 through 1985.  In 2013, she began a further review of 4,254 of these files dating from 1990 through 2010. This project was conducted using a custom application and wireless data entry system that collected data on 602 variables for each IV and their alleged victims. Data was automatically uploaded to high security servers at the University of Virginia. In 2016, the project was extended for a second time to include IV files dated 1985 through 1989 and from 2010 through 2015 to ensure continuity to the data available to the BSA.

In 2016, Professor Warren was awarded funding by the National Institute of Justice along with co-PIs Special Supervisory Agent Terry D. Patterson, PhD, BAU1, Federal Bureau of Investigation; Gregory B. Saathoff, MD, Director, Critical Incident Analysis Group, UVA; and Donald E. Brown, PhD, Director, Data Science Institute, UVA, to conduct research concerning The Creation of Muhajirat in America: Social Media as a Platform for Crafting Gender-Specific Interventions for the Domestic Radicalization of Women.  The project will be conducted over a two-year period commencing on January 1 2017.

Professor Warren has a BSW and a MSW from the University of Manitoba, Canada, and a doctorate in Social Welfare from the University of California, Berkeley. She is a clinical social worker licensed by the Virginia Board of Social Work (1988), a Sex Offender Treatment Provider licensed by the Virginia Board of Psychology (1994), and an adult psychoanalyst accredited by the Contemporary Freudian Society, New York and Washington, DC (2001).

Professor Warren can be reached at jiw@virginia.edu and at 434-924-8305.

Professor Warren conducts her forensic consultation and work as an expert witness through Park Dietz and Associates (PD &A) in Newport Beach, California. She is retained by contacting  http://www.parkdietzassociates.com/our-expertise/our-experts/ 


Publications by Janet I. Warren, DSW 

Books 

Sheehan, D., & Warren, J. I. (Eds.). (2002). Suicide by law enforcement. Washington, DC: Federal Bureau of Investigation, U.S. Department of Justice.

Warren, J. I., & Jackson, S. L. (2013). Risk markers for sexual predation and victimization in prison. London, England: Routledge, Taylor and Francis.

Peer Reviewed Articles

Fitch, W. L., & Warren, J. (1988). Community-based forensic evaluation. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 11, 359-370.

Hazelwood, R., & Warren, J. (1989a, January). The serial rapist: His characteristics and victims (Part I). FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 11-17.

Reprinted in U.S. Department of Justice, Deviant and Criminal Sexuality, 1991.

Hazelwood, R., & Warren, J. (1989b, February). The serial rapist: His characteristics and victims (Part II). FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 19-25.

Reprinted in U.S. Department of Justice, Deviant and Criminal Sexuality, 1991.

Hazelwood, R., Reboussin, R., & Warren, J. (1989). Serial rape: Correlates of increased aggression and the relationship of offender pleasure to victim resistance. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 4, 65-78.

Reprinted in U.S. Department of Justice, Deviant and Criminal Sexuality, 1991.

Hazelwood, R., & Warren, J. (1990, February). The criminal behavior of the serial rapist. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 11-17. 

Reprinted in U.S. Department of Justice, Deviant and Criminal Sexuality, 1991.

Reprinted in Polygraph, 19, 139-146.

Warren, J., Reboussin, R., Hazelwood, R., & Wright J. (1991). Prediction of rapist type and violence from verbal, physical, and sexual scales. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 6, 55-67.

Reprinted in U.S. Department of Justice, Deviant and Criminal Sexuality, 1991.

Dietz, P., Hazelwood, R., & Warren, J. (1990). The sexually sadistic criminal and his offenses. The Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 18, 163-178.

Warren, J., Fitch, W. L., Dietz, P., & Rosenfeld, B. (1991). Criminal offense, psychiatric diagnoses and psycho-legal opinion: An analysis of 894 referrals. The Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 19, 63-69.

Dietz, P., Matthews, D., Martell, D., Stewart, T., Hrouda, D., & Warren, J. (1991). Threatening and otherwise inappropriate letters to members of the United States Congress. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 36, 1445-1468.

Dietz, P., Matthews, D., Duyne, C., Warren, J., Stewart, T., Martell, D., & Crowder, J. (1991). Threatening and otherwise inappropriate letters to Hollywood celebrities. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 36, 185-209.

Hazelwood, R., Dietz, P., & Warren, J. (1992, February). The criminal sexual sadist. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin.

Reprinted in Practical Aspects of Rape Investigation: A Multidisciplinary Approach. (Rev. ed.). New York: Elsevier.

Hawk, G. L., Rosenfeld, B. D., & Warren, J. (1993). Comparative prevalence of sexual offenses among mentally retarded criminal defendants. Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 44, 784-786.

Hazelwood, R., Warren, J., & Dietz, P. (1993). Compliant victims of the sexual sadist. Australian Journal of Medicine, 22, 474-479.

Heilbrun, K., Rosenfeld, B., Warren, J., & Collins, S. (1994). The use of third party information in forensic assessment. Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 22, 399-406.

Warren, J., Rosenfeld, B., & Fitch, W. L. (1994). Beyond competence and sanity: The influence of pretrial evaluation on case disposition. Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 22, 379-388.

Warren, J., Hazelwood, R., & Dietz, P. E. (1996). The sexually sadistic serial murderer. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 41, 970-974.

Cornell, D. G., Warren, J., & Hawk, G. (1996). Psychopathy of instrumental and reactive violent offenders. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64, 783-790.

Warren, J., Rosenfeld, B., & Fitch, W. L. (1997). Forensic clinical evaluation: An analysis of interstate and intersystemic differences. Law and Human Behavior, 21, 377-390.

Warren, J., Reboussin, R., Hazelwood, R., Cummings, A., Gibbs, N., & Trumbetta, S. (1998). The distance correlates of serial rape. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 14, 35-58.

Reprinted in FBI publication, Selected Readings for the Next Millennium, 1999.

Reprinted in Offender Profiling, Keppel, Springer Science Business Media, 2003, 2006. 

Reprinted in Applications of Geographical Offender Profiling, Canter & Youngs, Psychology, Crime and Law Series, 2007.   

Knight, R., Warren, J., Reboussin, R., & Soley, B. (1998). Predicting rapist type from crime scene variables. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 25, 46-80.

Reprinted in FBI publication, Selected Readings for the Next Millennium, 1999.

Heilbun, K., Philipson, J., Berman, L., & Warren, J. (1999). Risk communication: Clinicians’ reported approaches and perceived values. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law, 27, 397-406.  

Warren, J., Reboussin, R., Hazelwood, R., Gibbs, N., Trumbetta, S., & Cummings, A. (1999).

Crime scene analysis and the escalation of violence in serial rape. Forensic Science International, 100, 37-56.

Reprinted in FBI publication, Selected Readings for the Next Millennium, 1999. 

Hazelwood, R., & Warren, J. (1999). The sexually violent offender: Impulsive or ritualistic. Aggression and Violent Behavior: A Review Journal, 5, 267-279.

Reprinted in Practical Aspects of Rape Investigation: A Multidisciplinary Approach (3rd ed.). New York: Elsevier, 2001.

Warren, J. I., Brown, D., Hurt. S., Cook, S., Branson, W., & Jin, R. (1999). The organizational context of non-lethal violence: Its interpersonal, temporal, and spatial correlates. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 41, 567-581.

Warren, J., & Hazelwood, R. R. (2002). Relational patterns associated with sexual sadism: A study of 20 wives and girlfriends. Journal of Family Violence, 17, 75-89.

Warren, J., Hurt, S., Loper, A., Bale, R., Friend, R., & Chauhan, P. (2002). Psychiatric symptoms, history of victimization, and violent behavior among incarcerated female felons: An American perspective. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 25, 129-149.

Murrie, D., Warren, J., Kristiansson, M., & Dietz, P. E. (2002). Asperger’s Syndrome in forensic settings. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 1, 59-70.

Warren, J., Bale, R., Friend, R., Burnette, M., South, S., & Chauhan, P. (2003). Personality disorders among female prison inmates: Co-morbidity and the relationship to criminality and violence. Journal of the Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 30, 502-509.

Commentary by Stephen Hart, Ph.D., The forensic relevance of personality disorders, 3, 510-512.

Hazelwood, R. R., & Warren, J. I. (2003). Linkage Analysis: Modus Operandi (MO), ritual, and signature in serial sexual crime. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 8, 587-598.

Warren, J. I., Aaron, J., Ryan, E., Chauhan, P., & DuVal, J. (2003). Correlates of adjudicative competence in psychiatrically impaired juveniles. Journal of the Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 31, 299-310.

Commentary by Peter Ash, M.D., Risk markers for incompetence in juvenile defendants, 31, 310-313.

Warren, J. I., Burnette, M., South, S. C., Chauhan, P., Bale, R., Friend, R., & Patton, I. (2003). Psychopathy in women: Structural equation modeling and co-morbidity. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 26, 223-242.

Warren, J., Hurt, S., Loper, A., & Chauhan, P. (2004). Exploring prison adjustment among female inmates: Issues of measurement and prediction. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 31, 624-645.

Warren, J. I, Murrie, D., Chauhan, P., Dietz, P. E., and Morris, J. (2003). Opinion formation in evaluating sanity at the time of the offense: An examination of 5175 pre-trial evaluations. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 23, 559-575.

Warren, J. I., South, S. C., Burnette, M., Chauhan, P., Bale, R., Friend, R. (2005). Assessing the risk for violence in women: Use of the PCL-R and HCR: 20. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 28, 269-289.

Warren, J. I., Chauhan, P., Bale, R., & Murrie, D. (2005). Screening for psychopathy among incarcerated women: Psychometric properties and construct validity of the Hare P-SCAN. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 4, 175-189.

Murrie, D., & Warren, J. (2005). Clinical variation in rates of legal insanity: Implications for self-monitoring. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 36, 519-524.

Warren, J. I., & South, S. (2005). Comparing the constructs of antisocial personality disorder and psychopathy in a sample of incarcerated women. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 23, 1-20.

Warren, J., Murrie, D., Stejskal, W., Colwell, L., Morris, J., Chauhan, P., & Dietz, P. (2005). Opinion formation in evaluating the adjudicative competence and restorability of criminal defendants: A review of 8,416 evaluations. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 24, 113-132.

Komarovskaya, I., Loper, A. B., & Warren, J. (2007). The role of impulsivity in antisocial and violent behavior and personality disorders among incarcerated women. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 34, 1499-1515.

Loper, A. B., Mahmoodzadegan, N., & Warren, J. I. (2008). Childhood maltreatment and Cluster B personality pathology in female serious offenders. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 20, 139-160.  

Sturek, J., Loper, A., & Warren, J. I. (2008). Psychopathy in female inmates. Psychiatric Services, 5, 309-315. 

Murrie, D. C., Boccaccini, M. T., Zapf, P. A., Warren, J. I., & Henderson, C. E. (2008). Clinical variation in findings of competence to stand trial. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 14, 177-193. 

Ryan, E. P., Aaron, J. A., Burnette, M. L., Warren, J. I., Burket, R., & Aaron, T. (2008). Emotional responses of staff to assault in a pediatric state hospital. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 36, 360-368. 

Warren, J., & South, S. (2009). Cluster B psychopathology among incarcerated women: Issues of internal consistency and construct validity. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 32, 10-17.

Warren, J. I., Loper, A. B., & Komarovskaya, I. (2009). Symptom patterns related to exposure among female inmates with and without a diagnosis of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 37, 294-305. 

Commentary by H. J. Bursztajn: Inadequacy of the categorical approach of the DSM for diagnosing female inmates with Borderline Personality Disorders and/or PTSD.

Commentary by M. Hackett: Trauma and female inmates: Why is witnessing more traumatic?

Beasley, J., Cramer, A., Beyers, K., Haynes, R., Berson, S., & Warren. J. I. (2009). Patterns of prior offending in child molesters: A comparison of fatal and non-fatal outcomes. International Journal of Forensic Sciences, 32, 273-280.

Warren, J. I., Duval, J., Komarovskaya, I., Chauhan, P., Buffington-Vollum, J., & Ryan, E. (2010). Developing a forensic service delivery system for juveniles adjudicated incompetent to stand trial. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 8, 245-263.

Novero, C. M., Loper, A. B., & Warren J. I. (2011). Second-generation prisoners: Adjustment patterns for inmates with a history of parental incarceration. Criminal Justice and Behavior: An International Journal, 38, 761-778.

Komarovskaya, I., Loper, A. B., Warren, J. I., & Jackson, S. (2011). Exploring gender differences in trauma exposure and the emergence of symptoms of PTSD among incarcerated men and women. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology, 22, 395-410.

Warren, J. I., Dietz, P. E., & Hazelwood, R. R. (2013). The Collectors: Serial sexual offenders who preserve evidence of their crimes. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 18, 666-672.  

Warren, J. I, & Burnette, M. L. (2013). Comparing the constructs of APD and psychopathy. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health Services.

Warren, J. I., Chauhan, P., Kois, L., Dibble, A., & Knighton, J. (2013). Factors Influencing 2,260 opinions of defendants’ restorability to adjudicative competency. Law, Psychology and Public Policy, 19, 498-508. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0034740

Jackson, S. L., & Warren, J. I. (2014). A community-based model for remediating juveniles adjudicated incompetent to stand trial: Feedback from youth, attorneys, and judges. Juvenile and Family Court Journal, 65, 23-38.

Chauhan, P., Warren, J. I., Kois, L., & Wellbeloved-Stone, J. M. (2014). The significance of combining evaluations of competency to stand trial and sanity at the time of the offense, doi: 10.1037/law0000026

Warren, J.I, Wellbeloved-Stone, J.M., Hilts, M.A., Donaldson, W.H., Muirhead, Y.E., Craun, S. W., Burnette, A.G., Millspaugh, S.B. (2016). An investigative analysis of 463 incident of single – victim child abductions identified through federal law enforcement. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 30, 59-67.

Jackson, S.L, Wen, I., Loper, A.B., Warren. J.I. (in press). The role of forms of traumatic exposure in relational and physical aggression perpetrated by incarcerated men and women. Victims and Offenders.  

Book Chapters

Warren, J., Hazelwood, R., & Reboussin, R. (1991). Serial rape: The offender and his rape career. In A. Burgess (Ed.), Rape and sexual assault: A research handbook (Vol 3) (pp. 275-311). New York: Garland.

Hazelwood, R., & Warren, J. (1995). The serial rapist. In R. Hazelwood & A. Burgess (Eds.), Practical Aspects of Rape Investigation: A Multidisciplinary Approach (Rev. ed.) (pp. 337-360). New York: Elsevier.

Hazelwood, R., & Warren, J. (1995). The relevance of fantasy in serial sexual crime investigation. In R. Hazelwood & A. Burgess (Eds.), Practical Aspects of Rape Investigation: A Multidisciplinary Approach (Rev. ed.) (pp. 127-138). New York: Elsevier.

Warren, J., & Kovnick, J. (1999). Women who kill. In V. B. Van Hasselt & M. Hersen, Handbook of Psychological Approaches with Violent Criminal Offenders (pp. 189-206). New York: Kluwer Academic, Plenum Press.

Heilbrun, K., Warren, J., & Picarello, K. (2000). The use of third party information in forensic assessment. In I. B. Weiner (Ed.), Comprehensive Handbook of Psychology, 11, Forensic Psychology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.

Warren, J. I, & Hislop, J. (2001). Female sex offenders: A typological and etiological overview. Practical Aspects of Rape Investigation: A Multidisciplinary Approach (3rd ed.). New York: Elsevier.

Warren, J. I, & Hislop, J. (2007). Patterns of female sex offending and their investigative significance to law enforcement and child protective services. Practical Aspects of Rape Investigation: A Multidisciplinary Approach (3rd ed.). New York: Elsevier.

Hazelwood, R., Warren, J. I., Edkins, V.. Conlon, S. Taroli, A. (2015). The wives of child molesters: A Descriptive Study. Springer Publishers.

Warren, J. I., & Jackson, S. (2015). Evaluation and restoration of competency to stand trial. In Eds. K. Heilbrun, D.  DeMatteo, & N. Goldstein. Handbook of psychology and juvenile justice, American Psychology Association.

Hazelwood, R., Warren, J. I (In press). Rape escalating to homicide. Practical Aspects of Rape Investigation: A Multidisciplinary Approach (5rd ed.). New York: Elsevier.

Warren, J. I., & McLeod, D. (In press). Female sex offenders (FSO). Practical Aspects of Rape Investigation: A Multidisciplinary Approach (5rd ed.). New York: Elsevier.

Warren, J. I & Jackson, S. (In press). Sexual violence in prison. In Robert D. Morgan (Ed.) The Encyclopedia of Criminal Psychology, Sage Publishers, Thousand Oaks, CA. 

Government and Policy Reports  

Warren, J., & Fitch, W. L. (1986-1992, Annual). The Virginia Forensic Evaluation Information System (FEIS) Annual Report. Submitted to the Virginia Department of Mental Health, Mental Retardation, and Substance Abuse Services and the Virginia Office of the Attorney General.

Warren, J., Reboussin, R., & Hazelwood, R. (1995, January). The Geographical and Temporal Sequencing of Serial Rape. Final report to the National Institute of Justice.

Warren, J. (1992, September). Forensic evaluation reimbursement study: The Virginia Supreme Court. Confidential report compiled for the Department of Mental Health, Mental Retardation, and Substance Abuse. 

Warren, J. (1993, April). The clinical social worker as forensic expert. Report compiled for the National Federation of Clinical Social Work. Published in the newsletter of the National Organization of Forensic Social Work, 11(14).

Warren, J. (1993-2000, Annual). The Virginia Forensic Evaluation Information System (FEIS) Annual Report. Submitted to the Department of Mental Health, Mental Retardation, and Substance Abuse Services and the Office of the Attorney General.

Warren, J. (1994, Fall). Understanding campus violence: The University of Virginia 1990, 1991, and 1992. Report submitted to the University of Virginia, Council on Community, 1992-94.

Warren, J., & Brown, D. (1999). Regional crime analyses: Design, implementation, and integrative strategies. Final report submitted to the National Institute of Justice.

Warren, J. (2001). Baseline psychopathology in a women’s prison: Its impact on institutional adjustment and risk for violence. Final report submitted to the National Institute of Justice.

Warren, J. I., Stejskal, W. J., & Chauhan, P. (2002). A ten year retrospective study of community based forensic evaluations: Service delivery, quality assurance, and evaluation outcomes. Developments in Mental Health Law, 22, 1-12.

Warren, J. I., Jackson, S., Loper, A. B., & Burnette, M. (2010). Risk markers for sexual predation and victimization in prison. National Institute of Justice. 

Warren, J. I. (2011). BSA Ineligible Volunteer “P” Files 1964-1985. National Headquarters of the Boy Scouts of America.

Warren, J.I., (In press). An Examination of 4,254 Boy Scouts of American (BSA) “P” Coded Ineligible Volunteer (IV) Files. National  Headquarters of the Boy Scouts of America.